How to recognize sensory disorders in children in the age range of 0-3 years?

It is very important to diagnose disorders of various dysfunctions in a child especially in the early stages of his development. If, as parents, we want to make sure our baby is growing properly, we have to keep a close eye on them from the youngest years – in fact from the very beginning. Sensory integration disorders are relatively easy to diagnose today, they are well developed and children can easily be helped. It is worth paying attention to all, even the smallest distressing signs in the development of children, to be able to react appropriately to each of them. Often a good idea is to carry out the type of journal or diary in which they recorded all the attention or the child’s progress on the way to the adequate development in the future. In case of doubts or questions of doctors, everything is accurately described with dates – you can compare the results in the future.

What signs should worry us?

Among the most frequently mentioned of disorders that can qualify for sensory integration disorders, reactions to external stimuli, or just the opposite – their lack of such things and phenomena, like toys, texture touchable objects or clothing, music, food. Often, the child does not necessarily develop properly in terms of movement, may have problems with activity, attention and concentration, and speech development problems may be noted too.

Diagnostic classification of mental disorders in infancy and early childhood

This is according to this classification evaluating the progress of our children in the age range from birth to age three, established in 1994 by ZERO TO THREE: National Center by Infants Toddlers and Families. From this publication you can find out about many different disorders of this first period. Among them they are also mentioned trouble with self-regulation, which in turn are connected directly to the processing of sensory stimuli, responsible for contact with the outside world. A child struggling with these disorders has problems with emotional control and expression.

Three types of sensory self-regulation problems

The first type of publication is hypersensitive – for all children, all the stimuli coming from the outside are repulsive and cause negative emotions. This type also includes the subtype of children with anxiety disorders and with oppositional-rebellious disorders. The second type is the type of children with reduced sensitivity and with little reaction to external stimuli. The nervous system must be strongly stimulated so that they have a chance to reach the nervous system. They seem uninterested in the outside world. The bloated type are children who seek sensory stimulation, and therefore need to feel the stimulus, but need more time to feel sensation.